7. 3. 2022
reading time 9 minutes
– The humanitarian crisis in Ukraine is worsening as Russian forces intensify bombardments and the shortage of food, water, heating and medicine increases, which the country has condemned as a medieval siege by Moscow, which wants force him to submit.
Civilians preparing for the attack and those trying to leave must now brace themselves for the expected influx of freezing arctic air which meteorologists and weather forecasts say will move south over Russia. and Ukraine from the middle of the week.
– In the Netherlands, in The Hague, Ukraine asked the International Court of Justice to order a halt to the Russian invasion, stating that Moscow was committing widespread war crimes.
Russia “has employed tactics reminiscent of medieval siege warfare, encircling towns, cutting off escape routes and pounding civilians with heavy munitions,” said Jonathan Gimblett, a member of Ukraine’s legal team.
Russia did not participate in the trial and its seats on the Grand Court remained vacant.
Efforts to establish safe passage for civilians over the weekend failed due to continued Russian shelling.
– In one of the most desperate towns, surrounded by the southern port of Mariupol, around 200,000 people, nearly half the population, hoped to escape, and Red Cross officials waited for the corridor be put in place.
The city lacks water, food and electricity, and mobile networks are down. Shops were looted as residents searched for basic necessities.
Hospitals are facing a severe shortage of antibiotics and painkillers, and doctors have performed some acute procedures without them.
– Russia has accused the Republic of Ireland of failing to protect its ambassador and staff, as required by international law, after a truck backed into the embassy headquarters and destroyed the door of the embassy. Businessman Desmond Wisley, who was driving the truck, was arrested after the incident.
After leaving his truck in front of the gate, he distributed leaflets with a photo of a woman and her children taken in Irpin near kyiv, which shocked the whole world.
Wisley said: “Thank you for coming: I did this to create a safe corridor for the Russian ambassador to leave Ireland and pass through Poland. [a] on the way back to tour Europe.
I did it for this lady and her children who were killed in Irpin. It really hit me last night and I’m doing it for them. I want the Russian ambassador and his colleagues to leave this country, to leave this free country.
– According to a senior US official, Russia has deployed almost 100% of its pre-arranged units in Ukraine.
Twelve days after the invasion of Ukraine, Russian forces have largely stalled in the north near kyiv and still do not control the skies over Ukraine and rely increasingly on strikes from missiles and artillery.
The official said Russia fired more than 625 missiles at Ukrainian targets.
– The United States has not yet decided whether or not to ban the sale of Russian oil, the White House announced on Monday.
– US officials have begun collecting information to help determine whether Russia committed war crimes during its invasion of Ukraine, a White House National Security Council spokesman said.
“We are gathering evidence of possible war crimes, violations of human rights and international humanitarian law. We support accountability using all available tools, including prosecution where appropriate,” the official said. .
Since the start of the war two weeks ago, Russian military forces have attacked civilian targets in Ukraine and the equipment of Ukrainian nuclear power plants.
The United States will send the information it collects, along with its allies and partners, to the UN Human Rights Council, based in Geneva, which has set up a commission of inquiry to investigate possible violations of human rights by Russia and hold them accountable.
In addition, the United States and 44 other countries, through the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, have set up an expert mission to investigate possible violations and abuses of the international human and humanitarian law by Russia.
– Russia and Ukraine have made little progress in opening humanitarian corridors, the Ukrainian official said.
In the southern port city of Mariupol, police marched from basement to basement. The message to those imprisoned in the besieged Sea of Azov city of 430,000 by days of brutal Russian bombardment was simple.
Don’t come out, warned the frightened locals, until you hear a message from the loudspeakers. Do not attempt to evacuate, despite promises by Russian forces to pass safely.
The warning was justified. On the main road – seen as a key escape route – heavy Russian shelling continued on Monday, Ukrainian forces said. The day before, representatives of the International Committee of the Red Cross called it mine.
The day after eight civilians, including a family of three, were killed by Russian mortar fire as they attempted to evacuate Irpin on the outskirts of kyiv, analysts and politicians felt a sense of already seen and pointed to Russia’s cynical use of humanitarian corridors in Chechnya and more recently in Syria, where Russian promises – or through Russia – of safe passage were either worthless or used as a trick to move forces.
.- Amnesty International has criticized the Ukrainian authorities for bringing Russian prisoners of war to press conferences.
According to the NGO, prisoners of war who take part in the Russian invasion of a neighboring country must be “respected for their rights under the Third Geneva Convention”.
Ukrainian authorities presented Russian prisoners of war at press conferences, where their role in the military invasion was discussed. Videos on social media also showed captured soldiers contacting family members at home.
Joanne Mariner, Director of Crisis Response at Amnesty International, said: “Any public appearance can endanger prisoners of war when they return home and can be problematic for their families while in detention. Article 13 of the Geneva Convention explicitly stipulates that prisoners of war must always be protected, in particular from public curiosity. »
– Members of the US Congress on Monday pressed President Joe Biden’s administration to allow the immediate transfer of fighters to Ukraine from NATO and Eastern Europe.
Senator Bob Menendez, Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee, wrote a letter to Secretary of State Antony Blinken and Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin urging Washington to commit to replacing all donated fighters with upgraded Western aircraft, in particular through financing and preferential loans as well as price subsidies. .
– Ukraine has suffered around $10 billion in infrastructure damage since Russia invaded the country, Infrastructure Minister Oleksander Kubrakov said on Monday.
– Russian shelling prevents the evacuation of civilians from Kyiv, Mariupol, Sum, Kharkov, Volnovakh and Mykolaiv, the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry has said.
– More than 1.7 million Ukrainians fleeing the Russian invasion have so far crossed the borders of central Europe, the UN refugee agency said on Monday.
The mayor of Lviv said the western Ukrainian city had reached the limits of its ability to help people displaced by the Russian attack on Ukraine, and turned to international organizations for support. ugly.
– According to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the Russian bombardment of the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant, the largest in Europe, in Ukraine last week was “tight” and “must in no case be repeated “.
– The Russian ruble on Monday fell to new record lows against the dollar and the euro and has lost more than a third of its value this year. The ruble traded at 131.25 to the dollar and 143.3 to the euro on Monday morning.
– European Union leaders to discuss Ukraine’s bid to join 27-nation bloc in coming dayssaid Charles Michel on Twitter on Monday.
– Plans are being made for a speech by Ukrainian President Volodomyr Zelensky to British MPs via video link on Tuesday. according to the Ukrainian embassy in the UK, it should ask for more weapons and reiterate its call for a no-fly zone.