Russian scientists have discovered the mummy of a thirteen-year-old warrior. Beside her lay a treasure of gold

The Amazons, it seems, existed, they were brave warriors.

At the end of 2019, an archaeological find of two women believed to be nomadic Scythians from around 2500 years ago, i.e. from the 4th century BC, was unearthed. 30 arrowheads . And this was not an isolated find – similar graves, testifying to female warriors, have been discovered in many more. A new DNA analysis then revealed that the “ancient Scythian warrior” was in fact a thirteen-year-old girl. Also warriors.

“This young ‘Amazon’ has not yet reached the age of 14”, said the lead author of the new research, an archaeologist Marina Kilunovska from the Institute of Material Culture History of the Russian Academy of Sciences. It only proved that in Greek mythology the existing savage warriors were a reality.

See the document in Czech on the Amazons here:

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They were said to be the daughters of the gods. Today, they are called the Amazons. Ancient Greek historian Herodotus he claimed that the Amazons were fighting the Scythians, but it seems they were actually Scythian women who trained, hunted and fought alongside their male counterparts.

These fearless warriors have captured the human imagination for centuries and still appear in popular culture, even though they have long been considered the product of ancient fantasy.

Battle of the Amazons.Source: Peter Paul Rubens / Creative Commons, free work

Two female warriors

Over the centuries, myths about the Amazons have been peppered with outrageous claims, from cutting off their own breasts to improving their archery to murdering their male children. But now, thanks to modern archaeological research and DNA techniques, we have the opportunity to learn more about the real warriors behind the myths.

Archaeological discoveries have revealed that the warriors who could have been the origin of these myths did indeed exist. Several graves have been discovered.

“Over the past ten years, our expedition discovered about 11 funerals of young armed women. They had separate graves and all the funeral rituals usually performed for men were performed for them.” the archaeologist explained Valery Guliaiev of the Archaeological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

One of these tombs was discovered in Russia, and Gulliev at the time said with certainty that it was of a warrior on horseback. They were found in the mound with two other women.

One was 40 to 50 years old and wore a gold headdress with decorative plant ornaments. The second was about 30-35 years old, buried next to two spears and placed as if riding a horse.

The Greeks fight the Amazons.The Greeks fight the Amazons.Source: Urban / Creative Commons, free work

The warrior became a warrior

Two decades earlier, the genome of the 2,600-year-old Scythian remains was also discovered by a Russian team. Their remains were discovered in a wooden sarcophagus along with a number of weapons. At first, archaeologists thought it was a male body because characteristics usually attributed to male archaeological finds were found. An axe, bow and arrows were found here.

However, the child’s DNA revealed that the remains were actually female, which only proves that Scythian girls also participated in hunting or military campaigns.

The warrior was buried in the present Siberian Republic of Tuva, with an axe, a birch bow and a quiver with ten arrows – wooden, bone or with a bronze tip. Because the larch coffin was tightly closed before the cool air entered, his remains were partially mummified.

The Sarmatians became famous as great horsemen.

Who were the Amazons? Cruel and savage Sarmatian warriors massacred the Romans

A fourteen-year-old Amazon

The girl in the tomb was dressed in a long fur coat, shirt and pants or skirt. His coat was made of a mosaic of rodent-like rodent skins.

Carbon dating of other grave goods included the burial complex from the 7th to the 5th century BC. J.-C., which corresponds to the beginning of the Scythian period.

Research on the warrior’s body will continue to obtain more precise dating of the remains, examine the composition of the metal graves, and begin to restore and preserve those that have been found. Archaeologists believe CT scans of the remains will tell you how the young warrior died.

About a third of all Scythian women are buried with weapons and have war wounds, just like men. They lived in small tribes, so it makes sense that everyone in the tribe was a shareholder. They all had to participate in the defense, the war effort and the hunt.

Resources:

www.sciencealert.com, newcarsz.com, militaryhistorynow.com

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