The altarpiece, the castle of the Hussite governor Jakoubek of Vřesovice, attracts

The writer and historian August Sedláček, who created the monumental fifteen-volume work Castles, Castles and Fortresses of the Kingdom of Bohemia, saw it in the same way.

He commented on the Altar: “They seem already drawn to the rocky cliffs on which the Altar stands, a real altar to a high god, set in a pretty landscape, which is a piece of heaven and a lovely walk, but only in dry conditions.”

The stone gate led to the fort.

Photo: Vratislav Konečny

Even in wet weather you can walk well here. Slippery is only the last few meters over the bare basalt to the wooden steps, which lead inside the former large residential tower with a trapezoidal floor plan.

The thickness of the walls is more than one and a half meters, the space, which is entered through a hole that was originally a window, is 15.3 times 11.3 meters. The entrance was a few meters to the left, accessed by wooden stairs. The castle was built partly in stone, partly including the wooden palisade.

Ruins of a residential tower remain of the altar.

Photo: Vratislav Konečny

To the remains of the Altarpiece, of which little remains in the landscape full of castles, there is a winding path, passing through the remains of a stone door in the forecourt and along the dry stone terrace, who stayed along the causeway. The climb is not steep, rather steep, the beginning of the route from the saddle under the castle is quite narrow, how cars with cargo could pass here is a bit of a mystery.

On the way up, you pass an information board with a drawing of the altarpiece, which was also called Hrádek or Děkovka, depending on a nearby village. The painting also indicates that the altarpiece was built by the Hussite warlord Jakoubek of Vřesovice as a shelter for looted treasures.

View of Milešovka

Photo: Vratislav Konečny

How a poor peasant came to the property

Originally a poor Moravian governor of a village in the Hodonín region, he made his fortune during the Hussite Wars;

Encyclopedias list Jakoubek (c. 1390 to 1462), baptized by Jakub (the name originated because of his short stature), as a Hussite governor. But not passionate at all, pragmatic, he knew which side to take when it suited him. After Žižek’s death, he was one of the main Hussite governors.

The modest remains of Jakoubek Castle in Vřesovice

Photo: Vratislav Konečny

He created a large dominion in northwestern Bohemia, which became the base for his successors. He had a son, Jan of Vřesovice. The Catholics had a very strong position in the region; What they did not always succeed, the first beating, considerable, was suffered on August 5, 1421 near Most, where the Hussites were led by the radical priest of Prague Jan Želivský. At that time they were still fighting, the Hussite alliances were fighting each other a lot.

Lipan had disappeared

In 1426, Jakoubek is known as the governor of Bílina. In the same year, he led a successful confrontation near Ústí nad Labem, which he had set on fire. In 1426, he had the altar built. A year later he moved to Žlutice. In 1432, the Hussites and representatives of the Council of Basel took part in Cheb.

View of the castle from the village of Děkovka

Photo: Vratislav Konečny

One of the key moments in his life was the year 1434. In Lipany, two Hussite troops, radicals and moderates, opposed the Catholics.

At this time, Jakoubek and his large army besieged the castle under Milešovka, Kostomlaty. He avoids the action of Prokop Holý, but would have acted in such a way as to bind the Catholic army in the north.

He gets rich for merit

He and his army are hired for various military events, accepting Sigismund as Czech king, who in turn confirms his captured property, including the conquered Kostomlat. But Jakoubek finally bought them legally from the heirs. In addition, the property of the monastery of Teplice, Ploskovice, Pátek and Toužim, also Chomutov. In the end, Sigismund grants him the governorship of the Žatec region.

The huge Hazmburk rises nearby.

Photo: Vratislav Konečny

The first comer from Vřesovice to Moravia therefore has in his biography cooperation with the Žatec-Louny-Slánsko Association, Sigismund of Luxembourg, Albrecht of Habsburg, Oldřich of Rožmberk and King Jiří of Poděbrady. Jiřík was supported in the election by the provincial administrator.

Jakoubek was a master of negotiations, in charge of various diplomatic tasks. But he also remained very greedy, constantly judging for his property, losing a part. The date of his death is not exactly known, we only know that it was between October and December 1462.

The embodied coat of arms

The altar offers beautiful views of the surrounding hills, especially of Házmburk. I wasn’t given much, a head like the one I know from the Buzic coat of arms suddenly bumped into me. The boar and I were scared. Luckily, we each ran away from the altar to a different side. The flight was horrible.

Cellar full of wine

The Golden Path of the Lands of Castles leads under the Altar, its Hussite branch to the ruin. But the best time to visit is probably Sunday in May. According to legend, the entrance to the cellar opens. There should be several barrels of wine in it. You can drink what the innards can handle, but you also make sure to leave before the priest of an unspecified church reads the passion. Otherwise, you will be out in a year. But there is enough wine…

Free tourist navigation
During a trip, with Mapy.cz tourist navigation. The app is free and works without signal.

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