Napalm Girl and the Mona Lisa Refugees. Humanity’s Worst Moments in War Footage

Pioneers of war photography captured the armed conflict on the Crimean Peninsula and the Black Sea coast from 1853 to 1856. Tsarist Russia competed with the Ottoman Empire, backed by a coalition of France, the United Kingdom and the Kingdom of Sardinia. British pioneer Roger Fenton also documented the war with his mobile camera. However, he resisted creating images of dead or maimed soldiers.

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Due to the limited possibilities of technology, there were no snapshots at that time. The exposure (image capture) lasted a few seconds. For example, the Valley of Death Shadow double photo shows the path full and then without artillery balls. The paintings of the “reporters” printed the newspaper like engravings, the printing of half-tone photographs was expensive. In any case, people understood that photography could visually document future wars.

Detailed views of the dead were no longer avoided by photographer Alexandr Gardner during the American Civil War (1861-1865). He mostly photographed shortly after the battles. Like after the Antietam bloodshed in 1862, when nearly four thousand Confederate and Unionist soldiers died together. Even then, there was a hint of manipulation – according to Gardner’s analysis, in some cases he had the bodies mixed differently for a better image.

The age of hatred in the viewfinder

Murderous century, age of hatred. This is what historian Niall Ferguson called the 20th century. War photographers documented the horror of both world wars. Iconic images of the Great War include those of the trenches, near which hundreds of people died every day in the struggle for a piece of muddy earth. Among other things, a gas attack in Flanders, Belgium or a photo of a wounded German prisoner led by a British soldier.

A bombed station in Shanghai after a raid. A wounded toddler, sitting and crying, alone, whose mother died nearby. Bloody Saturday was taken at the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937. On the eve of the worst global conflict in human history. The iconic image of Chinese photojournalist HS “Newsreel” Wong was reportedly seen by more than 136 million people in less than a month.

The pregnant woman did not survive Wednesday's attack on a maternity hospital in Mariupol, Ukraine.  Doctors also failed to save her child.

Kill me! she was crying pregnant when she lost her child after the air raid in Mariupol. She didn’t survive

Later, some journalists described Bloody Saturday as one of the most successful propaganda pieces of all time. Americans began to use terms such as “butchers” and “killers” against the Japanese. The heartbreaking photo served them even after the attack on Pearl Harbor.

The symbol and legacy of World War II photographs was significant even after the fighting was over. The victorious raising of the flags in conquered Berlin and on the Japanese island of Iwo Jima was more or less arranged. The devastating effects of the power of the atomic bomb do not. The whole world was scared by the post-apocalyptic scenes of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

between the bullets

The horrors of genocide and the Holocaust were highlighted by images of Auschwitz and other extermination camps. From a documentary point of view, the coverage of the first wave of Allied landings in Normandy in 1944 is unique. However, due to an error during the press, only the so-called Big Eleven was recorded.

Ten years later, the destiny of the photographer Capa was realized in the long conflict in Vietnam. Even before the Americans were involved in the war against Communist forces, he landed on a mine with a camera in his hand and died.

The black and white film “Napalm Girl” is fifty years old this year. It was taken by Nick Ut during the escape of children burned with napalm after a raid by the South Vietnamese Air Force on the village of Trang Bang on June 8, 1972. In the foreground runs a girl burned from nine-year-old Kim Phuc. He became a symbol of the suffering of the Vietnam War. Vietnamese communist propaganda used his summer story. She herself turned this horrific experience into positive action – as a peace activist, she founded a foundation to help war-torn children.

Afghan woman with a bewitching gaze

The 12-year-old refugee appeared on the cover of National Geographic magazine. It was 1985. In the midst of the Soviet war in Afghanistan, photographer Steve McCurry discovered in the Pakistani refugee camp the story of a young girl with sharp eyes, Sharbat Gula, later nicknamed the “Afghan Mona Lisa”. “. innocence or anger.

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A skinny young man stands behind barbed wire in a concentration camp. The photograph of starving Bosnian Fikret Alič is considered one of the symbols of the horrors of war in the former Yugoslavia in the 1990s.

It was published on the front page thirty years ago by Time magazine. Twenty-five years later, Alich, among many other survivors, stood outside the International Tribunal building in The Hague to hear a verdict against a man responsible for the suffering of thousands – Ratko Mladic. The former commander of the Bosnian Serb army, nicknamed the “Bosnia Butcher”, was sentenced at the time to life in prison. He still eats it.

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